|Author||: Georgi V. Smirnov|
|Publisher||: American Mathematical Society|
|Release Date||: 22 February 2022|
|Pages||: 226 pages|
|Rating||: /5 ( users)|
Download or Read Online Introduction to the Theory of Differential Inclusions in PDF, Epub and Kindle
A differential inclusion is a relation of the form $dot x in F(x)$, where $F$ is a set-valued map associating any point $x in R^n$ with a set $F(x) subset R^n$. As such, the notion of a differential inclusion generalizes the notion of an ordinary differential equation of the form $dot x = f(x)$. Therefore, all problems usually studied in the theory of ordinary differential equations (existence and continuation of solutions, dependence on initial conditions and parameters, etc.) can be studied for differential inclusions as well. Since a differential inclusion usually has many solutions starting at a given point, new types of problems arise, such as investigation of topological properties of the set of solutions, selection of solutions with given properties, and many others. Differential inclusions play an important role as a tool in the study of various dynamical processes described by equations with a discontinuous or multivalued right-hand side, occurring, in particular, in the study of dynamics of economical, social, and biological macrosystems. They also are very useful in proving existence theorems in control theory. This text provides an introductory treatment to the theory of differential inclusions. The reader is only required to know ordinary differential equations, theory of functions, and functional analysis on the elementary level. Chapter 1 contains a brief introduction to convex analysis. Chapter 2 considers set-valued maps. Chapter 3 is devoted to the Mordukhovich version of nonsmooth analysis. Chapter 4 contains the main existence theorems and gives an idea of the approximation techniques used throughout the text. Chapter 5 is devoted to the viability problem, i.e., the problem of selection of a solution to a differential inclusion that is contained in a given set. Chapter 6 considers the controllability problem. Chapter 7 discusses extremal problems for differential inclusions. Chapter 8 presents stability theory, and Chapter 9 deals with the stabilization problem.